To live healthy, the body needs all the nutrients in a balanced diet and in sufficient amounts too. vitamins are organic compounds that the body of an organism requires in very little amounts for it to sustain life. The body needs to get vitamins from food because the body alone does not have the ability to produce them and if it does, they are simply not enough. Surprisingly the requirements of vitamins among different organisms varies a lot, some will require some vitamins while others will not
Humans need to take a balanced diet that will provide vitamin C while dogs on the other hand will never need to ingest the same vitamin because their body produce the vitamin sufficiently. On the other hand when the human body is exposed to just the right amount of sunlight it has the ability to synthesize vitamin D. Vitamin D is not that much in food ,it would explain why you need to go outside for some minutes when that sun comes out. Each of the vitamins that the body requires has a unique role that it plays in the body, they are also required in different quantities. Vitamins known to man are thirteen in number and are either known to be water soluble or fat soluble.
The two types of vitamins differ in several things, first of all when it comes to absorption , the water soluble vitamins are absorbed by the body with ease while fat soluble vitamins need bile acids to help absorb. The body will store the excess of fat soluble vitamins but the excess of water soluble vitamins will be expelled from the body. The fact that the fat soluble vitamins stay in the body longer means that a lot of care should be taken when consuming them. Having excess fat soluble vitamins in the body and adding more through further intake has the ability to intoxicate your body.
A balanced diet might not have the effect of intoxication but taking vitamin supplements of the fat soluble types will surely intoxicate you. Water soluble vitamins that are excreted easily from the body need to be replenished with the same rate as well. Vegetables and fruits are sure sources of vitamins which means a balanced diet should have both. Vitamins are so vital that should you fail to take a certain kind of vitamin the body will develop a medical condition.
Medical professionals may recommend for one to take vitamin supplements especially for the pregnant women with deficiency conditions and also people that are on a diet. It’s important that people watch their vitamin intake because the vitamins are essential to life, you do not want to have the deficiency conditions that come with lack of vitamins.